The following is a listing of analytical methods commonly utilized by Con-Test Analytical Laboratory. Deviations from tests and calibration methods shall occur only if the deviation has been documented, technically justified, authorized, and accepted by the client. Deviations will be noted on the final report.

Please note: This is not a complete listing of analytical method. For information concerning other utilized analytical methods contact one of our project chemists.


Analytical Methodology

Water/Wastewater

Bacteriological Analysis

Method Number

Coliform, Total SM 9222B
SM 9223 (Colisure)
Coliform, Fecal SM 9222D
Enterococci SM 9223 (Enterolert)

Inorganic Mineral Analyses

Method Number

Alkalinity (Titrimetric) SM 2320 B
Chloride (Argentometric) SM 4500-Cl B
Chloride (IC) EPA 300.0 (PDF)
Chromium, Hexavalent SM 3500-Cr B
(Manual, Colorimetric) SW-846 7196 A (PDF)
Conductivity (Wheatstone Bridge) SM 2510 B
Dissolved Oxygen (Membrane electrode method) SM 4500-O G
Ferrous Iron (Spectrophotometric) SM 3500-Fe D
Fluoride (Ion Selective Electrode) SM 4500-F C
Fluoride (IC) EPA 300.0 (PDF)
Hardness (Titrimetric, EDTA) SM 2340 C
pH (Electrode) SM 4500-H B
SW-846 9040 B (PDF)
Solids, Total SM 2540 B
Solids, Total Dissolved SM 2540 C
Solids, Total Suspended SM 2540 D
Solids, Settleable SM 2540 F
Sulfate (Turbidimetric) ASTM D516
Sulfate (IC) EPA 300.0 (PDF)
Sulfide (Iodometric Back Titration) SM 4500-S2 F

Nutrient Analyses

Method Number

Ammonia-N SM 4500-NH3 C -titration
Nitrite-N (Manual Spectrophotometer) SM 4500-NO2 B
Nitrite-N (IC) EPA 300.0 (PDF)
Nitrite-N (Lachat auto-analyzer) SM 4500-NO3 F
Nitrate-N (IC) EPA 300.0 (PDF)
Nitrate/Nitrite (Lachat Auto-analyzer) SM 4500-NO3 F
Nitrate-N (Cadmium Reduction Lachat) (NO3 + NO2) – NO2 SM 4500-NO3 F
Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen SM 4500 NH3-C
(Organic N) (Titrimetric) Prep SM 4500-Norg B, C
MBAS (Surfactants) (Colorimetric) SM 5540 C
Phosphate, Ortho (Colorimetric) SM 4500-P E
Phosphate, Ortho (IC) EPA 300.0 (PDF)
Phosphate, Total (Colorimetric) SM 4500-P E
Bromide (IC) EPA 300.0 (PDF)

Demand Analyses

Method Number

BOD (5 day) (Dissolved Oxygen Consumption) SM 5210 B
CBOD (5 day) (Carbonaceous DO Consumption) SM 5210 B
COD (Colorimetric) EPA 410.4 (PDF)
Chlorine, Total Residual (Colorimetric) SM 4500-Cl G
TOC (Total Organic Carbon) SM 5310 B

Physical Analyses

Method Number

Color (Visual Comparison) SM 2120 B
Odor (Threshold Odor) SM 2150 B
Turbidity (Nephelometric) EPA 180.1 (PDF)

In Organics

Method Number

Oil and Grease (FOG) (Hexane Extraction) SW-846 1664B
Phenols (Colorimetric) EPA 420.1 (PDF)
Cyanide, Total (Manual Spectrophotometer) SM 4500-CN E
SW-846 9014 (PDF)
Physiologically Available Cyanide (Manual Spec.) SW-846 9014 (PDF)

Volatile Organics

Method Number

Purgeable Aromatics (GC) EPA 602 (PDF)
Purgeables (GC/MS) EPA 624 (PDF)
Drinking Water Purgeables (GC/MS) EPA 524.2 (PDF)
EDB/DBCP EPA 504.1 (PDF)
Drinking Water PFAA's (LC/MS/MS) EPA 537 (PDF)
ISO 25101

Semi-Volatile Organics

Method Number

Base/Neutrals & Acids EPA 625 (PDF)
Priority Pollutants Pesticides/PCB’s EPA 608 (PDF)
CT Extractable Petroleum Hydrocarbons CT ETPH
MA Volatile Petroleum Hydrocarbons MA VPH
MA Extractable Petroleum Hydrocarbons  MA EPH

Waters, soils and other materials may be analyzed for metals by Inductively Coupled Argon Plasma – Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP) and/or Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). Non-aqueous samples are generally treated as a solid waste and SW-846 methods are applied. 

Analyte

Water/Wastewater

Drinking Water

Non-Aqueous (Solids/Wastes)

Aluminum (Al) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7 6010C/D
Antimony (Sb) 200.7/6010C/D 200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Arsenic (As) 200.7/6010C/D 200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Barium (Ba) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Beryllium (Be) 200.7/6010C/D 200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Boron (B) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7 6010C/D
Cadmium (Cd) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Calcium (Ca) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7 6010C/D
Chromium (Cr) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Cobalt (Co) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Copper (Cu) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Iron (Fe) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7 6010C/D
Lead (Pb) 200.7/6010C/D 200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Magnesium (Mg) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7 6010C/D
Manganese (Mn) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Mercury (Hg) 245.1/7470A 245.1 7471B
Molybdenum 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Nickel (Ni) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Potassium (K) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7 6010C/D
Selenium (Se) 200.7/6010C/D 200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Silver (Ag) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Sodium (Na) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7 6010C/D
Thallium (Tl) 200.7/6010C/D 200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Tin (Sn) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7 6010C/D
Vanadium (V) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    
Zinc (Zn) 200.7/6010C/D 200.7/200.8 6010C/D
200.8/6020A/B    

Note: EPA Method 200.7 and SW-846 Method 6010C/D are “Inductively Coupled Plasma – Atomic Emission Spectroscopy” (ICP) methods.

Note: EPA Method 200.8 and SW-846 Method 6020A?B are “Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry” (ICP-MS) methods.

Analytical Methodology

Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Wastes; SW-846

Waste Evaluation

Method Number

Paint Filter Liquids Test SW-846 9095 (PDF)
Corrosivity (pH solid) SW-846 9045 (PDF)
Flashpoint SW-846 1010A (PDF)
Ignitability SW-846 1030 (PDF)
Hexavalent Chromium (Cr+6) SW-846 7196A (PDF)
Cyanide SW-846 9014 (PDF)
Reactivity: Cyanide and Sulfide SW-846 Chapter 7.3.3.2 (PDF)
TCLP (Toxicity Char. Leaching Procedure) SW-846 1311 (PDF)
SPLP (Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure) SW-846 1312 (PDF)
PCB in Oil EPA 600/4-81-045 (PDF)

Sample Preparation Methods

Inorganic Prep Techniques

Method Number

Acid digestion of Aqueous samples 3005A/3010
Acid digestion for Oils, Greases, and Waxes 3051A
Acid digestion of Sediments and Sludges 3050B
Microwave Extraction 3051A

Organic Prep Techniques

Method Number

Separatory Funnel Liquid-Liquid Extraction 3510C
Sonication Extraction 3550B
Pressurized Fluid Extraction 3545
Microwave Extraction 3546
Soxhlet Extraction 3540C

Organic Analytical Methods

Method Number

Priority Pollutant Pesticides/PCB’s 8081B/8082A
GC/MS Method for Volatile Organics 8260B/C
GC/MS Method for Semi-Volatile Organics 8270C/D
Fuel Hydrocarbons 8015M
Fuel Hydrocarbons 8100M
GRO and DRO 8015C/D
Herbicides 8151A
CT Extractable Petroleum Hydrocarbons CT ETPH
Volatile Petroleum Hydrocarbons MA VPH
Extractable Petroleum Hydrocarbons MA EPH

M = Modified


Environmental Lead

Air NIOSH 7303, Lead ICP-AES
Paint SW-846 Modified Method 6010C (3050B), Lead ICP-AES
Dust Wipes SW-846 Modified Method 6010C (3050B), Lead ICP-AES
Soil SW-846 Method 6010C (3050B)(3051A), Lead ICP-AES

Analytical Methodology - Air

Analyte

Method Number

Metals:  
Arsenic (As) NIOSH 7303
Beryllium (Be) NIOSH 7303
Cadmium (Cd) NIOSH 7303
Chromium (Cr) NIOSH 7303
Copper (Cu) NIOSH 7303
Lead (Pb) NIOSH 7303
Nickel (Ni) NIOSH 7303
Zinc (Zn) NIOSH 7303
Metals by ICP NIOSH 7303
   
Dust, Total NIOSH 0500
Dust, Respirable NIOSH 0600
PCB's in Air NIOSH 5503
Hg in Air NIOSH 6009
TO-4A EPA TO-4A (PDF)
TO-10A EPA TO-10A (PDF)
TO-13A EPA TO-13A (PDF)
TO-14 EPA TO-14A (PDF)
TO-15 EPA TO-15 (PDF)
APH MADEP APH (PDF)
Method 3C (Fixed Gases) EPA 3C
TO-17 EPA TO-17 (PDF)

Note: Only the most commonly requested Air Analyses Methods are listed. Other analytes and alternative methods are available. Please check with project chemist for more details.

Note: It is required that a blank be submitted for all wipe and air analyses